German dual system: a model for Kazakhstan?

For the last twenty-five years, the Kazakh vocational education and training system (VET) has undergone significant change. The dynamic economic development has led to structural changes in the labour market and an increased demand for skilled manpower. These conditions have challenged the education policy in Kazakhstan as well as the economy. The VET – in Kazakhstan, this type of education and training is more commonly known as technical and professional education (TPE) – has become the link between two national strategies of utmost priority: reforming the whole educational system and increasing the competitiveness of the country’s economy. The German dual VET system has historically been associated with economic progress and a prospering society. It is considered a model of success which many countries have used as a template. Kazakhstan, too, has turned to this model to modernise its VET system.